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“Parliamentary Parties” vs. “Presidential Parties”


“Parliamentary Parties”

Interest-based or ideological parties
All of them participated in previous Duma votes. They have financial resources, brand names, and organizational capacities
All of them have well-defined political orientations, loyal electorates, and notable leaders
All have established disciplined factions in the Duma
Stable levels of support: no new ideologically based party has managed to challenge these established parties for their political niches


“Presidential Coalitions” ("Parties of Bosses")

They are concerned not with party development, but with influencing the presidential election
They use parliamentary campaign as a presidential primary
Comprised mainly of members of the state bureaucracy and governing elites
“Virtual parties” that can be set up almost overnight by using state-based informal networks of “bosses”
They have very poorly defined identities within the electorate
Their programmes contained many contradictions
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Politics under Putin

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Russian Federation

The "Catching up" Cycles
"Non-organic" Reforms
Great Leap to Capitalism
Russia's Privatization
Deformed Capitalism
Coping with Transition
The Yeltsin Era
Yeltsin's Legacy
Putin's Plan
Russian Federalism
The Chechen Problem
"Deprivatizing" the State
First and Second Dumas
Third and Fourth Dumas
Civil Society
"Controlled" Democracy

Post-Soviet Geopolitics

Paradoxes of Russian Mentality
Economy under Putin
The Putinite Order
Putin's Choice
People Speak (Opinion Polls)
Tables and Statistics

Russia from A to Z

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