All Russias Home Tsarist Russia Soviet Russia Russian Federation Learn Russian Images & Video
        A L L R U S S I A S . C O M
Russia from A to Z Russia on YouTube Best Student Essays Jokes about Rulers Russia with Laugh Useful Links

Đóńńęŕ˙ âĺđńč˙


Political Jokes

Russian Music Samples

When Putin Retires...


Attitudes towards the War

The Revolutionary Masses

To the liberal opposition, Russia’s heavy defeats of 1915 had clearly demonstrated that the autocratic regime was incapable of bringing the war to a victorious end. The realization that a lost war would inevitably lead to a revolutionary explosion galvanized the Kadets, Octobrists and other liberal and moderate conservative groupings in the State Duma to form a broad parliamentary alliance in opposition to the government.  

Emperor Nicholas II. By B. Kustodiyev

Members of the alliance, which was called the ‘Progressive Bloc’, harshly criticized the tsarist ministers for the incompetence with which the government led the war effort, called on the Tsar to sack his obviously inept administration and even openly accused the government, the Tsar and the Empress of treason. Above all, the ‘Progressive Bloc’ demanded a competent set of ministers, a cabinet which would enjoy ‘the confidence of the nation’. As the military situation continued to deteriorate, the ‘Progressive Bloc’ hardened its demands, calling for a Western-style government with a limited monarchy and a ministry responsible to a majority in the Duma.

The Tsar, however, flatly refused to satisfy the demands of the Duma opposition. Nicholas had never really accepted the dilution of autocracy brought about by the introduction of the Duma. When the war started, he seized on the military emergency to rule almost without convening the Duma, and thus also without trying to enlist the support that the liberal opposition offered for the war effort. This policy, together with the ascendancy of Rasputin and his influence over Empress Alexandra, who in effect governed while Nicholas was away at the front, looked to the opposition in the Duma like a coup d’état against the constitutional order. In the face of the Tsar’s unwillingness to make any concessions to the opposition, the liberals began to plot the overthrow of Nicholas II. 

Copyrighted material
We Are Partners
Bookmark This Site ││Site Map ││Send Feedback ││About This Site
Lecture Bullet Points
Copyright 2007-2017 — Alex Chubarov — All Rights Reserved


The Revolutions of 1917


Tsarist Russia

Pre-Petrine Russia
Peter the Great
Catherine the Great
Alexander I
Nicholas I
Alexander II
The Revolutionary Movement
Appearance of Marxism
The Last Romanovs
The Birth of Bolshevism
The Revolution of 1905-7
Between Revolutions
The Revolutions of 1917
Interpretations of 1917
The End of an Empire
Tables and Statistics

Images & Video


Russia from A to Z

Learn Russian with Us