All Russias Home Tsarist Russia Soviet Russia Russian Federation Learn Russian Images & Video
        A L L R U S S I A S . C O M
Russia from A to Z Russia on YouTube Best Student Essays Jokes about Rulers Russia with Laugh Useful Links

Ðóññêàÿ âåðñèÿ


Political Jokes

Russian Music Samples

When Putin Retires...


Marxism and Leninism

The Revolutionary Masses

The deplorable results of the communist experiment in the Soviet Union have seriously discredited the idea of ‘socialism’ as an alternative to ‘capitalism’. Those who still cling to the socialist ideal as a certain model of social development try to dissociate Marx from Lenin, insisting that the Bolshevik leader made a radical revision  of classical Marxism and completely transformed it into a militant ideology of a totalitarian state. 



They find instances of complete reversals of Marx’s conclusions, for example, in Lenin’s assertion about Russia’s readiness for a proletarian revolution. Marx repeatedly emphasized that the new communist society would be the result of a highly developed capitalism. Socialism would triumph simultaneously in several economically most advanced countries. In this regard Russia was viewed by Marx as a very unlikely place in which to have a proletarian revolution, because the industrial revolution there had hardly started.

Some analysts, however, are convinced that Leninism rests firmly on the doctrinal foundations of classical Marxism. They argue that both Marxism and Leninism recognize the central role of class struggle in human history. They both share the belief in the necessity of establishing a proletarian dictatorship and the conviction that a communist party must play a pre-eminent role in the political process. Fundamental to both Leninism and Marxism is the negative attitude to private property. Finally, Lenin stood firmly on the platform of Marx’s ‘revolutionary dialectics’ which saw revolution as a necessary and legitimate way of social transformation which justified the use of all available means of political coercion and force.

                                                               PREVIOUS  NEXT
Copyrighted material
We Are Partners
Bookmark This Site ││Site Map ││Send Feedback ││About This Site
Lecture Bullet Points
Copyright 2007-2017 — Alex Chubarov — All Rights Reserved


The Birth of Bolshevism


Tsarist Russia

Pre-Petrine Russia
Peter the Great
Catherine the Great
Alexander I
Nicholas I
Alexander II
The Revolutionary Movement
Appearance of Marxism
The Last Romanovs
The Birth of Bolshevism
The Revolution of 1905-7
Between Revolutions
The Revolutions of 1917
Interpretations of 1917
The End of an Empire
Tables and Statistics

Images & Video


Russia from A to Z

Learn Russian with Us